Riassumiamo in un breve articolo la Guida ai termini “bio-based”, “biodegradabile”, “compostabile”, e altri titoli ambientali applicati ai prodotti di plastica, pubblicata dalla British Plastics Federation. Con un linguaggio semplice ed esterno da ideologie di fondo vengono definiti specificatamente alcuni termini entrati a far parte del linguaggio comune senza però conoscerne a fondo il significato. Vi esponiamo un breve stralcio del documento di seguito.
Claims that a product or package is “bio-based” shall be qualified if the product or package is not made entirely from biomass.
Biodegadrable - Biodegradabile
Claims that a product or package is “biodegradable” shall be verifiable and substantiated by competent and reliable scientific evidence as required by the ISO14021.
Compostable - Compostabile
A claim that a product or package is “compostable” shall be substantiated by reliable scientific evidence that all the materials in the product or package will break down into usable compost in a safe and timely manner in an appropriate composting facility. Such evidence shall be technically independent of the influence of any company or associated individuals.
Recyclable – Riciclabile
A product or package shall only be marketed as recyclable where there is evidence that appropriate recycling infrastructure exists.
Renewable – Rinnovabile
Claims that a product or package is “renawable” should be used with great care as there is currently no internationally agreed definition for the term.
For more information "Guidance on the use of the terms ‘bio-based’, ‘biodegradable’, ‘compostable’, ‘oxo-biodegradation’ and other environmental claims on plastic products